Lion image. This is Africa’s largest carnivore and the only known social cat. It is of low build, but very large and powerful, with a short, tawny coat, white under parts and a black tail tuft; adult males have long manes. Being the most abundant large predator in savanna and plains ecosystem, they prey on big herbivores like antelopes, wildebeest and zebra, but are also known to take carrion. Spending most of the day resting, they become active in the late afternoon, but can be seen hunting any time of day. Related females form prides with a traditional home range, hunting in packs. Immigrant male groups or single males gain custody of a pride range in competition with other males, often killing all cubs.

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